The widening academic achievement gap between the rich and the poor: new evidence and possible explanations sean f reardon stanford university. The causes of achievement gaps are multiple and complexly interrelated, and they vary from school to school, district to district, and community to community as a starting point, consider factors that have been identified in various studies as contributing to achievement gaps. Statistics and causes june 22, 2014 brandi johnson 3 comments the achievement gap is difficult for children just entering school because the bar has already been set to where some of those children are going to land. About the achievement gap in education refers to the different levels of academic performance of students from a variety of racial, ethnic and economic backgrounds.
The economically disadvantaged achievement gap is created when economic factors cause poor students to begin school behind the curve and then pose obstacles to closing the gap as they get older there is an achievement gap for ethic groups, as well. Today, rothstein and ali look for causes of the achievement gap previously, they debated whether it's worth trying to close the gap and assessed the value of the no child left behind act later.
The achievement gap: causes and possible solutions abstract this research paper will take a look at the achievement gap that exists in education the achievement gap is best described as the difference in educational proficiency between students who come from a high or middle class white family, and students who come from a low class or. The achievement gap in reading: unique historical and future perspectives rosalind horowitz and s jay samuels part i cases of specific demographics and economics chapter 2 poverty's powerful effects on reading achievement and the achievement gap david berliner chapter 3. And there's another unappreciated factor in the achievement gap, as measured by the race gap and the income gap, he added: parental depression up to 60 percent of impoverished parents feel a steady drizzle of hopelessness that makes reading and communication at home difficult. Possible causes of the gender achievement gap in the united states teacher interactions [ edit ] how a student interacts with and is evaluated by his or her teachers is closely correlated with that student's future academic achievement. The achievement gap in education refers to the disparity in academic performance between groups of students the achievement gap shows up in grades, standardized-test scores, course.
The achievement gap in reading: complex causes, persistent issues, possible solutions / edition 1 in this volume prominent scholars, experts in their respective fields and highly skilled in the research they conduct, address educational and reading research from varied perspectives and address what it will take to close the achievement gap. Explaining and reducing the achievement gaps in reading: (9) the talk gap (terrance d paul and jill gilkerson) and (10) summer reading loss is the basis of almost all the rich-poor reading gap (richard l allington and anne mcgill-franzen.
The lcture is an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the causes and remedies of the racial achievement gap the purpose of this lecture(s) is to provide students with an interdisciplinary examination of the theoretical underpinnings and a few possible policy responses to the racial achievement gap in schooling.
School composition and the black-white achievement gap 1 on average, white students attended schools that were average black student density nationally. First, the income achievement gap (defined here as the average achievement difference between a child from a family at the 90th percentile of the family income distribution and a child from a family at the 10th percentile) is now nearly twice as large as the black-white achievement gap. While it is possible that some educators may use achievement gap in reference to individual student achievement, it is more likely that a term such as learning gap will be used: achievement gap nearly always refers to disparities of achievement between or among student groups.
The achievement gap—closing the gap: an overview seeks first to examine what the gap is, as a statistical construct, and to present what educational research has determined about its many causes, outside of schools as well as within. The achievement gap is redefined as a level at which all groups can compete economically in our society and have the literacy tools and habits needed for a good life. White teachers' perceptions of the causes and solutions to the achievement gap conducted by uhlenberg & brown (2002) identified four possible solutions most frequently selected by teachers that could effectively bridge the achievement gap. The black-white achievement gap when progress stopped policy information report.